IRON and STEEL
The London Metal Exchange (LME) is launching seven new cash-settled futures contracts on Monday, including hot-rolled coil (HRC) steel, alumina and cobalt, aiming to attract more business after profits fell last year.
The world's oldest and largest market for industrial metals wants a stronger portfolio of products as competition intensifies with rival exchanges, such as CME Group Inc. of the United States.
The steel and alumina contracts have the best chance of succeeding, according to analysts, traders and other industry sources.
The 142-year-old LME has lost market share in recent years to the CME and China's Shanghai Futures Exchange (ShFE).
The LME has been slower than its rivals to launch new products, but it has recently developed new technology that makes launching new contracts easier, faster and less expensive.
The exchange hopes to boost volumes to make up for weaker revenues last year resulting from fee cuts as it rowed back after heavy criticism about a previous jump in fees.
Volumes at the LME rose 5 percent last year, but core profit fell by 10 percent in the commodities segment of its parent, Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Ltd.
Massive steel sector
The LME has high hopes for its new HRC contracts, believing it can tap into a massive global steel sector that has seen surging volumes develop in Chinese ferrous contracts.
HRC is steel that is heat processed into metal sheets used for car bodies and household appliances.
The LME is launching regional HRC contracts initially covering North America and China, and later adding northern Europe.
They will compete with the CME's Nymex exchange for U.S. metal and on ShFE for Chinese material.
The LME already has steel rebar and scrap contracts.
The LME also plans to launch a contract for alumina, the raw material to make aluminium, which has seen sharp price swings recently.
The alumina price twice spiked and tumbled last year, opening up a market for both consumers and producers to hedge the price.
The LME already has a physically-settled contract in cobalt , a metal key for electric vehicle batteries, but it hopes to gain more traction with its new cash-settled product <.
The other new products are minor metal molybdenum plus two regional aluminium premium contracts for U.S. Midwest and Europe.